Tag: black history facts

03
Feb

Black History Month

Today marks the first business day of Black History Month. We do have the shortest month of the year so it’s important for us to highlight all the achievements, inventions, records, and good things we as people have over the years!

Here are some interesting black history facts for today:
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After African-American performer Josephine Baker expatriated to France, she famously smuggled military intelligence to French allies during World War II. She did this by pinning secrets inside her dress, as well as hiding them in her sheet music.

Allensworth is the first all-black Californian township, founded and financed by African Americans. Created by Lieutenant Colonel Allen Allensworth in 1908, the town was built with the intention of establishing a self-sufficient city where African Americans could live their lives free of racial prejudice.

The parents of actress Halle Berry chose their daughter’s name from Halle’s Department Store, a local landmark in her birthplace of Cleveland, Ohio. She was the first black woman to win an Oscar for “Best Actress.”

Before becoming a professional musician, Chuck Berry studied to be a hairdresser.

Chuck Berry’s famous “duck walk” dance originated in 1956, when Berry attempted to hide wrinkles in his trousers by shaking them out with his now-signature body movements.

Though he is of Caribbean ancestry and had a trailblazing smash with his 1956 album Calypso, Harry Belafonte was actually born in the United States. The internationally renowned entertainment icon and human rights activist is from Harlem, New York.

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07
Feb

BLACK HISTORY RECORD BREAKERS

It is still the month of African American history and today I wish to highlight those who have had achievements in various areas with breaking records.

Get the scoop and educated here:

Henry (“Hank”) Aaron broke Babe Ruth’s home run record when he hit his 715th home run in 1974. He set a Major League record with 755 home runs in his career.

When Kareem Abdul-Jabbar reitred from the NBA in 1989, he had scored the most points, blocked the most shots, won the most MVP awards, and played in more All-Star Games than any other player in the sport.

In 1995, writer Maya Angelou was recognized for remaining on The New York Times Paperback Nonfiction Bestseller List for two years—the longest running record in history.
Olympic track champion Evelyn Ashford became the first athlete to run the Women’s 100-meter in under 11 seconds, a record she would hold for five years.

In 1992, 35-year-old athlete Evelyn Ashford became the oldest woman to win an Olympic gold medal in track-and-field.

In 2008, Jamaican sprinter Usain Bolt became the first man in history to set three world records in a single Olympic games.

Wilt Chamberlain was the first basketball player to score 100 points in a single game during the 1961 season and the first player in the NBA to score 30,000 points.

Athlete Alice Coachman leapt to a height of 5-feet 6 1/8-inches in the 1948 high jump finals at the Summer Olympics. Her record stood for eight years afterward.

Jazz drummer William “Cozy” Cole broke Billboard records in 1958 with the single “Topsy,” when it became the only drum solo to sell more than one million records.

In 2002, Maritza Correia became the first black female swimmer to break an American record, beating out Jenny Thompson, the most decorated American swimmer in Olympic history. She is also the first female black swimmer to make it onto the U.S. Olympic team.

Comedian Bill Cosby’s 1984 sitcom, The Cosby Show, became the highest ranking sitcom for 5 years in a row. The program aired for eight years.

African-American speed skater Shani Davis is the only U.S. skater to ever make both the short and long track Junior World teams three years in a row.

Poet Rita Dove is the second African-American to receive the Pulitzer Prize for Poetry, an award she received in 1987.

In 1974, collegiate track star Denis Fikes ran the mile in a time of 3:55.0, the fastest time by an African-American, the second fastest in the U.S. that year, and the 15th-fastest in the world. The record stood for more than a decade.

Music legend Aretha Franklin is one of the most honored artists in Grammy Award history, with 20 wins to date.

Athlete Edward Gourdin was the first man in history to break the long jump record, with a jump of 25-feet 3-inches. He later became the first African-American Superior Court judge in New England.

Florence “Flo Jo” Griffith-Joyner a runner known for her stylish flair on the track, set the world record for the 100 and 200 meter dash at the 1988 Olympics in Seoul, Korea.

At age 23, Great Britain’s Lewis Hamilton became both the youngest Formula One World Champion in history, as well as the first black one.

In 2006 Whitney Houston, a celebrated singer, songwriter and actress, was named the most awarded female artist of all time by the Guinness World Records.

In 1980, singer and performer Michael Jackson secured the highest royalty rate in the music industry—37 percent of the album’s profit.

Pop icon Michael Jackson has earned several Guiness World Records, including Most Successful Entertainer of All Time for his 13 Grammy Awards, 13 No.1 singles, and the sale of over 750 million albums worldwide.

The video for Michael and Janet Jackson’s duet, “Scream”, cost $7 million to produce, making it the most expensive music video ever made.

Michael Jackson, singer, songwriter, and entertainer extraordinaire, was nominated for 12 Grammy awards and won a record-breaking eight in 1984. He has received 13 Grammy awards in his career, and is a double inductee into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame (as part of the Jackson 5 and as a solo artist). He holds the title of Most Top 10 Singles from an album for Thriller (1982) and the Most No. 1 Singles from an album for Bad (1987).

Michael Johnson, a sprinter often billed as “the fastest man in the world”, has won five Olympic gold medals; broken numerous world records including his own; and placed first in both the 200-meter and 400-meter races within the same Olympic game in 1996.

During the 2008 Olympic trials, Cullen Jones became the first African-American swimmer to hold a world record when he completed the 50-meter freestyle in 21.59 seconds.

Music composer and producer, Quincy Jones is the most Grammy-nominated artist in the history of the awards with 76 nominations and 26 awards.

The Buffalo Soldiers served in the Spanish American war, various Indian wars and helped to settle the west by installing telegraph lines, protecting wagon trains and defending new settlements. More than 20 Buffalo Soldiers have received the highest military award, the Medal of Honor—the most any military unit has ever received.

At the 2010 Grammy Awards, singer Beyonce Knowles walked away from the ceremony with six awards—the most wins in a single night by a female artist in the history of the event.

Singer Beyonce Knowles became the second best-selling female artist of the 21st century with record sales of over $37 million.

Beyonce Knowles, an award-winning singer, songwriter and actress, holds the record for the longest run on the Billboard Hot 100’s No. 1 spot in 2003 with the songs “Crazy in Love” (8 weeks) and “Baby Boy” (9 weeks).

African-American entrepreneur Reginald Lewis’ 1992 gift to Harvard Law School was the largest single donation the school ever received from an individual at that time.

Track and Field star, Jesse Owens (1913 – 1980) broke many records at the 1936 Olympic games in Berlin, including becoming the first athlete to win four gold medals in one Olympiad.

Baseball star Satchel Paige was more than 40 years old the entire time he pitched for the major leagues, making him the oldest rookie in baseball history.

Deval Patrick is the first African-American to be governor of Massachusetts and the second man in U.S. history to be elected African-American governor.

Susan Rice is America’s third woman ambassador to the UN, and the first black woman to hold the position.

In 1960, Olympian Irvin Roberson broke Jesse Owens’ 25-year-old world indoor record in the broad jump with a 25-foot 9-inch leap. After breaking the record, Roberson began a six-year professional football career in which he landed an MVP title. After retiring from the game, Roberson earned a Ph.D. in psychology.

Frank Robinson is the only baseball player to win MVP honors in both the National and American Leagues.

Wilma Rudolph (1940 -1994) a record breaking track star was born the 20th of 22 children, and stricken with polio as a child. She not only overcame polio but broke world records in three Olympic track events and was the first American woman to win three gold medals at the Olympics (1960).

African-American business pioneer Madame C.J. Walker, supplied the largest amount of money toward the preservation of former abolitionist Frederick Douglass’ home.

African-American Tiger Woods is the highest-paid professional athlete, earning an estimated $122 million from winnings and endorsements.

Golfer, Tiger Woods (1975 – ) is the youngest person and the first African-American to win the Masters Tournament in 1997 and by a record breaking lead of 12 strokes. He was also the highest paid athlete in 2005, earning an estimated $87 million dollars.

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04
Feb

BLACK HISTORY INVENTION FACTS

It is February and as I told ya before I’m celebrating Black History Months and educating everybody at the same time. Today I would like to shine the LIGHT BRIGHT 🙂 on African Americans who have been responsible for inventions. This comes to us by way of Biography Black History Facts.

Take a look and learn something new! 🙂

Fact #1
Nathaniel Alexander was the first to patent the folding chair. His invention was designed to be used in schools, churches and at large social gatherings.
Fact #2
Andrew Jackson Beard invented the “Jenny Coupler” in 1897, a device which allowed train cars to hook themselves together when they are bumped into one another. The device saved the lives of many railroad workers, who originally had the dangerous job of hooking the moving cars together by hand.
Fact #3
Henry Blair, the second African-American to receive a patent, invented a corn seed planter in 1834 and a cotton planter in 1836. Blair could not read or write and signed his patent with an X.
Fact #4
Otis Boykin invented electronic control devices for guided missiles, IBM computers, and the control unit for a pacemaker.
Fact #5
C.B. Brooks invented the street sweeper in 1896. It was a truck equipped with brooms.
Fact #6
Henry Brown created what is now known as a “strongbox”, a metal container to store money and important papers that could be locked with a key.
Fact #7
George Carruthers invented the far ultraviolet electrographic camera, used in the 1972 Apollo 16 mission. This invention revealed new features in Earth’s far-outer atmosphere and deep-space objects from the perspective of the lunar surface. Carruthers was inducted into the National Inventor’s Hall of Fame in 2003.
Fact #8
In 1897, African-American inventor Alfred Cralle patented the first ice cream scoop. His original design remains in wide use, even today.
Fact #9
African-American mechanical engineer, David Crosthwait, Jr. created the heating systems for the Rockefeller Center and New York’s Radio City Music Hall.
Fact #10
David Crosthwait, Jr., who created the heating system for New York City’s Radio City Music Hall, holds 39 U.S. patents and 80 international patents pertaining to heating, refrigeration and temperature regulating systems.
Fact #11
Mark Dean along with his co-inventor Dennis Moelle created a microcomputer system with bus control means for peripheral processing devices. This invention allows the use of computer plug-ins like disk drives, speakers, scanners, etc…
Fact #12
African-American surgeon Charles R. Drew is often credited with the invention of the first large-scale blood bank.
Fact #13
The first sociology department in the U.S. was established by educator and civil rights leader, W.E.B. Du Bois.
Fact #14
Sarah E. Goode invented a bed that folded up into a cabinet in 1885. Contrary to popular belief, she was not the first African-American woman to receive a patent, but the second.
Fact #15
In 1899, African-American golf fan Dr. George Franklin Grant received a patent for the world’s first golf tee. Grant, however, never marketed his invention, instead giving the tees away to friends and fellow golfers.
Fact #16
Thomas L. Jennings was the first African-American to receive a patent in 1821. It was for a dry-cleaning process in 1821. He used the money earned from the patent to purchase relatives out of slavery and support abolitionist causes.
Fact #17
Lonnie G. Johnson, an engineer who performed spacecraft system design for NASA, invented the Super Soaker water gun—the number one selling toy in America in 1991.
Fact #18
Frederick Jones held over 60 patents, with most of them pertaining to refrigeration. His portable air conditioner was used in World War II to preserve medicine and blood serum.
Fact #19
Dr. Maulana Karenga created the African-American holiday, Kwanzaa, in 1966.
Fact #20
History has credited Thomas Edison with the invention of the light bulb, but fewer people know about Lewis Latimer’s innovations toward its development. Until Latimer’s process formaking carbon filament, Edison’s light bulbs would only burn for a few minutes. Latimer’sfilament burned for several hours.
Fact #21
Joseph Lee invented a bread-making machine that mixed the ingredients and kneaded the dough in 1895.
Fact #22
John Love invented the pencil sharpener in 1897.
Fact #23
Thomas J. Martin patented a fire extinguisher in 1872.
Fact #24
Bridget “Biddy” Mason founded the First African Methodist Episcopalian church in Los Angeles.
Fact #25
Jan Ernst Matzeliger invented the Shoe Lasting machine, which connected the upper part of the shoe to the sole, a painstaking process that was usually done by hand. This invention revolutionized the shoe making industry.
Fact #26
Elijah McCoy invented an automatic lubricator for oiling steam engines in 1872. The term “the real McCoy” is believed to be a reference about the reliability of Elijah McCoy’s invention.
Fact #27
Alexander Miles of Duluth, Minnesota patented an electric elevator in 1887 with automatic doors that would close off the shaft way, thus making elevators safer.
Fact #28
African-American inventor Garrett Augustus Morgan created the gas mask—then became renowned for using his mask to save workers trapped in a toxic fume-filled tunnel.
Fact #29
Garrett Augustus Morgan invented, among many other things, a three-way automatic stop sign, which he sold to General Electric. It was used in the U.S. until the three-light traffic sign was developed.
Fact #30
L.P. Ray invented the dustpan in 1897.
Fact #31
George T. Sampson invented a clothes dryer that used heat from a stove in 1892.
Fact #32
Radio personalities Hal Jackson and Percy Sutton co-founded the Inner City Broadcasting Corporation (ICBC). They also acquired WLIB, which became the first African-American owned and operated station in New York.
Fact #33
Lewis Temple (1800 – 1854) revolutionized the whaling industry with his invention of the toggle harpoon in 1848.
Fact #34
James West’s research in sound technology led to the development of foil-electret transducers used in 90 percent of all microphones built today and in most new telephones being manufactured. West holds 47 U.S. and more than 200 foreign patents on microphones and techniques for making polymer foil-electrets. He was inducted into the National Inventor’s Hall of Fame in 1999.
Fact #35
Joseph Winters invented a fire escape ladder in 1878.
Fact #36
Granville Woods (1856 – 1910) invented numerous devices relating to the railroad including a system of overhead electric conducting lines, air brakes and a telegraph system that allowed communication between moving trains.

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